Medical accelerators of charged particles

A linear particle accelerator for medical treatment is a machine most often used for distant radiotherapy of tissue and organ malignancies. Linac provides high-energy electrons or gamma photons to a tumor. Proton accelerators, most often cyclotrons, are also used in medical applications as a source of radioisotopes for positron-emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computer tomography (SPECT).

There is a growing demand for medical particle accelerator specialists, as these accelerators are widely used for medical diagnosis and therapy. Future employees are trained in NRNU MEPhI for further work in centers of proton, positron-emission and radiation therapy.

Maintenance of particle accelerator complexes for medical treatment requires specific qualification. Specialists study operating principles, physical basis, theory and fundamental construction elements of particle accelerators, acquire knowledge of the latest discoveries in the field of particle accelerators and get used to work on operating machines.

Fig. 1. Accelerator for electron and gamma-radiation therapy.

Program allows qualification of a bachelor or a specialist to be enhanced up to the master degree right after obtaining the named degrees, as well as after several years of working in the chosen field of professional activity.

Duration of education: maximum of two years, though one year training is also possible depending on the degree of further education, duration and type of professional activity if there was any.

Program supervisor: Associate Professor of Department of Electrophysical facilities, Ph. D. in Physical and Mathematical Sciences S. Polozov.

Professional cycle consists of the following sections: Electrophysical facilities and Technology; Radio-frequency Engineering, Electronics and Microwave Energetics; Vacuum Engineering and Physical Electronics; Electronics of Electrophysical facilities; Informatization of Electrophysical Facilities.

The program is marked by integration of two research fields that do not seem to be likely to interact between each other – accelerating physics and medical physics. As graduates work on operating accelerators in centers of PET and radiotherapy, studying of nuclear medicine is included into the program.

In addition to theoretical training at lectures and workshops, practical training is provided while working on operating facilities of scientific and educational centers of NRNU MEPhI, as well as Russian and international scientific centers, especially the Nikolay Blokhin Russian Scientific Center of Oncology. Close attention is paid to independent training and scientific and research work.

Individual educational trajectory offers an opportunity of studying any of chosen additional subjects. Advanced training can be provided in the field of such subjects, as “Radio-frequency engineering of Electrophysical Facilities”, “Electro Magnetic Compatibility”, “High-power Pulse Techniques” , “Control Systems for Charged Particle Accelerators”, “Superconducting Accelerating Structures”, “High-intensity Beams”. The choice can be made either by a person acquiring master’s degree, or by their future employers.

Career possibilities:

Hi-tech medicine centers, Nikolay Blokhin Russian Scientific Center of Oncology, Dmitry Rogachev National Research Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Russian scientific centers, Rosatom enterprises, RAS Institutes, collaboration within international projects with the participation of the Russian Federation.

Invitation to study. Preferences.

Bachelors and specialists in the field of charged particle accelerators, as well as in the other fields of “Nuclear Physics and Technology” training program, are invited to enroll for a course. In any case, preference is given to people having a length of service after having obtained previous education level.

Fig. 2. Electromagnetic hyperthermia system for thermoradiotherapy of malignancies