Plasma Technologies in Researching and Obtaining New Materials and Energy sources

Why do we need to study plasma?

Plasma is the main form of matter in the Universe (apart from dark matter and dark energy). By using it, the humankind hopes to perform controlled thermonuclear fusion that is a source of energy in stars.

Sun is the source of life on the Earth. Interaction between the Sun and the Earth affects our life greatly.

Plasma technology contributes hugely to processes in the following fields:

  • designing of new materials and coatings;
  • creating of non-polluting technology;
  • ecology (removal of harmful impurities, contamination, etc.);
  • designing of high-efficiency ICs, micro- and nanodevices;
  • modeling of spacecraft propulsors.

and also used in medicine, military affairs, etc.

Why in NRNU MEPhI?

  • The first Department of Plasma Physics in the USSR was created in MEPhI in 1961. The major courses and teaching methods were created and applied by the staff of the Kurchatov Institute that is the most important organization for studying and applying of plasma;
  • Nowadays the teaching staff of MEPhI consists both of its professors and associate professors and leading scientists from Kurchatov Institute, TRINITI, RAS Institutes;
  • There are 14 foreign professors from leading universities and laboratories of France, Japan, German, Belgium, the Czech Republic and other countries at the Department of Plasma Physics;
  • Therefore students of MEPhI are given a unique opportunity of acquiring in-depth knowledge in wide range of skills and expertise, including physical experiment, theory, computer modeling, designing of instruments and devices;
  • As MEPhI was organized as a research university with teaching and science being linked closely to each other, it possesses an outstanding and greatly developed experimental basis. The Department of Plasma physics has a lot of various unique installations thus giving students an opportunity to engage in research activity from the very beginning of study and a wide choice of research themes;
  • MEPhI has set up extensive international relations in the field of plasma physics, interaction between plasma and surface and technological applying of plasma. The Department of Plasma physics takes part in the European Programme Erasmus Mundus in the field of physics and nuclear fusion technology and is a member of the FuseNet Educational Network;
  • MEPhI possesses new comfortable dormitories nearby the scientific and educational complex on the Kashirskoe shosse, 31.

 

 

What does await students after their graduation?

  • Participation in the international programme for controlled thermonuclear fusion, including taking part in design and research activity on the ITER;
  • Participation in fundamental research and creation of new plasma technologies in leading scientific centers and at high-tech enterprises;
  • Graduates in this field are welcome to work in leading Russian scientific centers (Scientific and Research Center Kurchatov Institute, State Research Center of Russian Federation Troitsk Institute for Innovation & Fusion Research (TRINITI), RAS Institutes (the Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GPI RAS), the Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (LPI RAS), the Joint Institute for High Temperatures of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JIHT RAS), RFNC-VNIIEF (Sarov), the Kotelnikov Institute for Radio-frequency Engineering and Electronics of the Russian Academy of Sciences and others), as well as at the research and production enterprises of Rosatom and MIC (Project Center ITER, FSUE VNIIA, etc.);
  • Great laboratory basis of MEPhI and its extensive relations with leading Russian and foreign scientific centers give students outstanding opportunities for writing PhD theses via postgraduate studentship of MEPhI and foreign universities (to the date, 30 postgraduates are obtaining their PhD in specialty 01.04.08 Plasma Physics in MEPhI).

Specific features of the education:

  • Focus on developing students’ creativity (participation in creativity competitions, special courses for developing individual skills and ability to work in team);
  • Individual approach (one supervisor for the duration of education, original themes of scientific research activity);
  • Study of modern computer and information technologies;
  • Additional language training (special workshops in English, an opportunity for successful students to study the second language, foreign co-supervisor of a master);
  • Participation in Russian and foreign conferences with reports;
  • Internship in leading scientific centers, summer schools and at enterprises;
  • Wide opportunities for publication of research results in printed matters included in international databases Web of Science and Scopus.

Research themes (themes of student’s scientific and research works and master’s theses)

Directly in the laboratories of LaPlas Institute:

  • Physics of interaction of plasma and its components with matter (the leading Russian scientific school in 2008 – 2015);
  • Plasma diagnostics (interferometry, particle energy and composition, sensor plasma and material testing);
  • Gas Discharge Physics (plasma beam, pulse magnetron, vacuum spark discharge and others);
  • New plasma technologies (magnetron discharge with a liquid cathode, helicon discharge for plasma propulsors, creation of barrier and protective layers for energy-density elements, supercondensators, thermal protective coatings, etc.).

Plasma theory and its interaction with matter.

Learn more about bachelor’s and master’s these of past years on plasma.mephi.ru.

Russia