Science&Research

The LAPLAS Institute as the most prominent and strategic recognizes the following development areas:

  • Laser, plasma and radiation technology in industry, energy and medicine
  • Photonics, quantum metrology, optical information processing
  • New functional materials, metamaterials and quantum systems
  • Extreme optical fields, high-power lasers, the Mega Science facilities
  • High-temperature plasma physics, environmentally friendly energy on the basis of controlled thermonuclear fusion
  • Spectroscopic synchrotron, neutron and laser methods of research, quantum mechanical calculations and computer simulation of condensed media and nanostructures

Due to the high quality level and quantity of technical equipment, including that with no analogues throughout the world, our Institute is capable of performing the wide variety of the scientific and research issues in the field of critical technologies with a great innovative potential:

  • Laser technologies based on energy-efficient fiber, disc, and hybrid lasers;
  • Materials research technologies for ultra-high temperature and pressure conditions (aerospace, nuclear technologies);
  • Technologies of new materials synthesis based on the resonant excitation of atoms and molecules by laser radiation that are inaccessible by other methods;
  • New micro- and nanotechnologies for materials processing and creation of elements and mechatronics devices, electronics, and medicine;
  • Development of processing technology for the blades of gas turbine engines, and new heat-shielding materials;
  • New methods of laser processing and modification of the superconducting current-carrying layers ensuring lossless power transmission;
  • High-performance energy storage devices based on the new technology of laser-plasma modification of supercapacitors;
  • Compact (table-top) laser-plasma particle accelerators for proton therapy;
  • Development of radiation technologies involving accelerators;
  • Development of radiation technologies with high-power microwave fluxes.

 

The research in the field of prominent laser, plasma and radiation technologies are conducted within the framework of collaboration with such renowned scientific centers, as LPI RAS, GPI RAS, TRINITI, NRC «Kurchatov Institute», JIHT RAS, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) (Germany), University of Lyon (France), Fraungofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT (Germany), NCC (Japan), Pilkington Glass (Great Britain), Fon Ardenne (Germany).

The activity of the LAPLAS Institute in the field of high-power lasers and ultra-high optical fields, high-temperature plasma physics, diagnostics of matter in extreme conditions and environmentally friendly energy on the basis of controlled thermonuclear fusion is based on the significant theoretical and experimental foundation in these areas, as well as on the developed integration ties with Russian and international scientific centers in the field of thermonuclear research: RFNC-VNIIEF, IAP RAS, TRINITI, LPI RAS, GPI RAS, NRC «Kurchatov Institute», GSI Darmstadt (Germany), FZJ Uelich (Germany) NNC of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the international organization ITER.

Whereas the consumer demand for speed and volume of the transmitted information is continuing to grow, the traditional information technologies based on the electronics engineering have reached their boundaries and therefore are no more capable of matching those needs. The main path to overcome such hurdles is to combine optical and information technologies. The first decade of the XXI century is characterized by the soaring progress in development and implementation of such photonics-based technologies as radio photonic systems, laser optical information technologies, laser optical measurements, laser optical technologies for medicine and life sciences.

Based on its great theoretical and experimental foundation, the LAPLAS Institute defines itself as a leading scientific and research center in the field of photonics, optical image processing and optical, laser and quantum metrology. The following development areas are recognized as priority ones for mentioned research directions:

  • radio photonic systems of broadband signals processing;
  • precision laser and quantum measurement;
  • optical, atomic, nuclear standards of purity and time;
  • quantum phenomena in solid-state physics;
  • remote environmental monitoring and environment purification based on the laser and plasma technologies.

This activity relies upon developed integration ties with Russian and international scientific centers in the field of quantum metrology: VNIIFTRI, LPI RAS, JIHT RAS, PTB (Germany), MPQ (Germany), NIST (USA).

Infrastructure support of the LAPLAS Institute

The LAPLAS Institute possesses a great logistical and mechanic potential, with the high quality level and quantity of technical equipment, including that with no analogues throughout the world, being its major distinctive features:

  • Automated laser technological complexes based on fiber, solid-state and gas lasers with average power up to 10 kW that are capable of performing all major technological processes, such as cutting, welding, cladding, engraving, micromachining, 3D rapid prototyping;
  • Linear simulator with longitudinal magnetic field with fixed power in a plasma flow of 50 kW. The facility is designed for the research in the field of plasma chemical innovative reactors, particle accelerators for plasma propulsions, simulation of processes of particle and radiation fluxes affecting thermonuclear reactor elements exposed to the plasma;
  • Unique complex of ion beam and plasma research facilities capable of generating flows within the range from 1 to 105 eV and power densities up to 10 GW/m2;
  • Linear particle accelerators providing accelerating of electrons to an energy from 2 to 30 MeV, protons to 2,5 MeV; ion sources, neutron generators;
  • Ultrahigh-vacuum complex based on the Multiprobe MXPS VT AFM system (Omicron, Germany) that is designed for the experimental research in the field of new generation of ultraprecision time and purity standards, laser cooling and spectroscopy of quantum states of thorium ions;
  • Wide range of analytical and measuring equipment, including both standard pieces of equipment, such as electron and optical microscopes, optical, x-ray and mass spectrometers, etc., and unique laser interferometers, energy analyzers, ion scattering spectrometers, thermal desorption rigs, etc. that were designed in the LAPLAS Institute;
  • Analytical equipment of the Center for composites technologies and photonics materials of the Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering that is designed for the complex analysis of structure of different materials, as well as their mechanical, electrophysical, magnetic and optical characteristics.
Russia